HTC Vive and Oculus Rift are two revolutionary VR devices in the virtual reality industry. Over a couple of years they have improved the devices in terms of specs, accessories and adding apps or games to the library. Let’s find out which headset is better; Oculus Rift vs HTC Vive, so that you can decide which VR device to buy.
Comparing Oculus Rift vs HTC Vive
The Oculus Rift and HTC Vive differ the most. While both are comfortable enough with face padding and are lightweight, but there’s definitely more heft to the Vive.
Rift’s advanced display technology is combined with its precise, low-latency constellation tracking system. It enables the sensation of presence, the feeling as though you’re actually there. The magic of presence changes everything. You will never experience immersion like this.
The Oculus Rift and HTC Vive both come outfitted with vibrant OLED displays. Each of the lens offers 1080×1200 pixel resolutions for each eye.
Combined they offer 2160×1200 resolution view at 90Hz refresh rates. This ensures the frame rate is enough to prevent motion sickness and provide a smooth experience.
The HTC Vive has a screen resolution of 2160×1200, which is the same as the Oculus Rift, but we like it better because it has a resolution which is brighter and sharper. The frame rate is 90hz. This brand also has a wider angle of 110 degree.
The Oculus Rift has brilliant and shiny colours, and the basic colours red, green, and blue are extremely flashy and luminous.
HTC Vive has a very authentic white colour. Other colours may be a bit dull, but overall the look is exceptionally real and three dimensional.
Brightness Oculus Rift vs HTC Vive
It uses an OLED screen which is the latest model for any VR headset.
In HTC Vive, an OLED screen is used, which is advance and futuristic.
FOV (Feild Of View)
Oculus Rift and HTC Vive both has a field of view of 110 degree. By this angle we can see on all sides.
You can download the latest updates on the Oculus Rift and enhance your experience. You can also use the Rift with a number of accessories like the Oculus Touch, the Sensor, USB extensions and Mounting Brackets.
You can play all the up-to-date games on the HTC Vive, however some updates are not released up till yet which is slightly disappointing. But the games already on it are enough to keep anyone indulged.
Oculus recommends an Intel i3-6100 or AMD FX4350 or better processor, at least 8GB of RAM and Windows 7 SPI. You’ll also need a GTX 960 or AMD RX 470 graphics card and a few USB ports.
Where as the Vive’s requirements are a little higher side and more in line with what the Oculus Rift requires for solid 90fps gameplay. You’ll need either a Nvidia GTX 1060 or AMD RX 480 along with an Intel i5-4590 or AMD FX 8350 processor, at least 4GB of RAM and Windows 7.1 or later.
The Oculus Rift is compatible with software which is available at Oculus Rift store, as well as supporting games through Steam.
Meanwhile, HTC’s Vive is designed to primarily work with Valve’s Steam platform. HTC recently introduced a more Oculus Home-like experience called Viveport. Viveport offers a VR distribution system and marketplace that isn’t quite as gaming-focused as Steam with a wider selection of experiences and also short films.
HTC is providing wireless controllers designed specifically for Vive. The interactions feel intuitive and natural like an extension to your hand.
Where as Oculus is also providing one Xbox wireless controller, which also makes gaming experience more realistic.
Pricing Oculus Rift vs HTC Vive
In March 2017, Oculus lowered the price of both the headset and controller bundle by slashing $200. But a complete HTC Vive set up will cost you around $800. Instead you can buy Oculus Rift, Touch Controller bundle and also a tracking camera(for $80) and still you can save $300.
Oculus Rift Price:
US: $399 (USD)
UK: £399 (UKP)
AU: $449 (AUD)
HTC Vive Price:
US: $499 (USD)
UK: £499 (UKP)
AU Price: $879 (AUD)
Other Important Features
Oculus Touch is a pair of tracked controllers that give you “hand presence”. It takes interaction to the next level. Touch enables natural hand presence. It allows using your virtual hands.
Further, Touch allows you to pick up toys, drop blocks, throw firecrackers and fire laser guns – all with intuitive, natural hand movement. By capturing nuances of human expression, Touch enables gestures like pointing, waving, and giving a thumbs-up.
It unlocks a social element that’s never been experienced in VR before. Touch controllers feature traditional action buttons, thumb-sticks and analog triggers that add familiarity to new experiences. These are your controls for grasping, lifting, and more. Oculus toybox allows to toss objects, light firecrackers, play ping-pong with other avatars – the world of interaction is infinite.
If you are beginner or have tight budget then we would recommend you to buy Oculus Rift. If you want more rich VR experience and access to more games then I would recommend HTC Vive. Let us know your about your choice when it comes to Oculus Rift vs HTC Vive.
Virtual reality and 360° videos has crossed the limitations of smartphone and PC screens. Now we can immerse ourselves in a 3D virtual world. Virtual reality is all about creating a 3D animated virtual environment which we can explore using a VR device. But still we are confined to virtual objects.
Have you watched any of Iron Man series? Robert Downey Jr. has a personal artificial assistant called Jarvis and an augmented lab where he builds iron man suit by accessing information as holograms. That’s cool right? What if we had a device which interacts with real world objects with holographic projections? Yeah, Microsoft came up with a wearable augmented reality gadget called HoloLens that supports augmented reality.
What is Augmented Reality?
Augmented Reality (AR) is a holographic technology used for interpreting real or non-real objects. It may be a sound or visual or data projection. We can interact with real world objects and can also manipulate the data.
It’s a gadget with processor, sensors and display or projection technology. It can be a standalone device or should be connected to a smartphone or PC for inputting information.
Augmented Reality can be used in various fields. In Education Augmented Reality helps lecturers in showing accurate 3D holograms of the topic they are teaching to the students. In architecture field it helps developing 3D models of their designs and also useful in identifying faults during construction. AR can be integrated with maps so that we can easily locate any address and also get relevant information of specific locations with call to actions. Example if we look at theater it will show list movies playing with showtimes and actions like booking tickets. Augmented Reality takes gaming to the next level by interacting with real world objects and spatial audio. In medical field it can be useful for the doctor to look inside the body of patient to know his condition by inputting medical records. Similarly AR can be used in defense, tourism, archaeology, sports, entertainment etc.
Google Glass is the first augmented reality device. But it was a failed attempt by Google for it’s limited functionality and high price. The real shift actually happened when Microsoft revealed their secret augmented reality project HoloLens. Right now many companies are into augmented reality segment with their own AR devices.
Initially AR devices will be limited in functionality and high in price. But the prices may come down in 2018. It is going to change the way we access and manipulate data by interacting with holographic interpretation of real world objects.
In this article we’ll talk about 5G network technology. Our telecom journey started with 1G, which supported voice calls and SMS. Then we moved to 2G, which supported MMS and slower internet. And then we moved to 3G, so we started watching videos and downloading from the internet.
These days we are using 4G or LTE, which is 8 times faster than 3G. Thus we started experiencing online streaming, video calling and better internet speeds. But with growing number of internet connected devices or IoT, even 4G is not able to handle all the data traffic.
That’s why still there is latency issue. So we are planning to move to 5G technology. 5G technology is going to support VoLTE, voice calls over data.
What is 5G Network Technology?
Typical cellular waves bandwidth will be upto 6GHz. But if there are more number of devices connected to internet in one particular location, this bandwidth is not sufficient. So we have introduced Millimeter waves, which will have bandwidth between 30GHz to 300 GHz.
These MM waves can also travel long distances. But they can be easily absorbed by walls, atmospheric clouds, rain etc.
To handle Millimeter waves issue we have come up with Small Cell technology. Normally a cellular towers are bigger in size and cover wide range of areas. In small cell technology we fix small cell towers in multiple locations to achieve better connectivity. But still this is not going to handle all the data load.
Usually every cellular tower will have dozen ports. But these ports are not enough to handle the growing network traffic. So we came up with new idea called MIMO. MIMO stands for Multiple Inputs Multiple Outputs.
In MIMO we will place hundreds of ports to every tower to improve the signal strength. But multiple ports near to each other leads to signal interference.
To address signal interference issue in MIMO, beamforming was introduced. Typical telecom tower sends signals uniformly in all direction. But in beamforming, cellular tower sends focused signal to area where there is more data requirement or more number of devices connected to internet.
Beamforming uses packet routing technology. So at times there will be packet bouncing leading to improper connection.
Normally a cellular wave can only do sending or receiving the data at a time. If both sending and receiving happen at the same time then traffic congestion happens. So we should use full duplex technology. It will dedicated waves for sending and receiving data or it will use smart cells to route data intelligently.
5G is going to be 10 to 100 times faster than 4G. It will have speed upto 20GBPS. But average user will experience 5G speed anywhere between few hundreds MBPS to 1GBPS. It is estimated 5G will start rolling out from 2019 onwards and it will be fully functional by 2025.
When I started my venture to earn online, the question that I had in my mind was how to earn 10 dollars per day without investment online? I still remember I was scammed in the first venture that I wanted to start. We all learn with time. I learnt as well. But yes you are lucky; I am compiling a list of ways by which you can earn money online without investing.
No matter which country are you from, this list will be beneficial for all. So let’s get started with how to earn 10 dollars per day without investment online. Please note, you either need to have some skills, or should be ready to learn some skills.
Every task in the world requires something in order to give you something. However, it is not always money but mostly it is effort and hard work. If you can’t invest money, you will definitely have to invest a lot of effort in order to earn. Earning money online is only possible if you are ready to give in your best and work as hard as possible. In the following paragraphs, some easy ways are discussed which would help you to earn 10 dollars per day without investment online.
Earn 10 Dollars per Day without Investment Online As a Freelancer
Most of us know about the trustworthy freelancing websites, where you can work and earn. We will cover most of the websites, where you can work and earn online. Let me be honest here though, nothing is easy. You have to give time, work hard and be patient at the same time. Start is always hard, once you get started, things will get easier with time. Working as a freelancer is at the top of our list in how to earn 10 dollars per day without investment online.
Let’s look over some websites where you can work.
Freelancer has over 27 million registered users, and over 13 million jobs posted which change over time. Signup, and set your profile professionally. You can view all categories here.
Depending on your skills, you can look for a project that is related to you and you feel you can successfully complete that. Apply on those projects. It will be hard in the start as you are not having any review, so my advice to you will be go for small projects in the start, and charge as low as possible to get some reviews. Once you get started and have some reviews, you can charge more.
Keep applying on projects, and be patient. Once you get the project, work hard to complete it successfully. Impress your employer for future work. The key is to not lose hope. Freelancing is not an easy thing but it is worth it once you get hold of it. So just keep going and do not let your hopes shatter if you fail to get a solid project.
Just like freelancer, Upwork is another platform where you can create a profile for free and start applying on projects. You can check all the categories here.
You have to apply same technique here as well, which we discussed earlier for Freelancer. Create a professional profile, as per your skills apply on related jobs; get some reviews with low paying or small projects. And build your profile from there.
One thing which I feel is important is building a healthy relation with your employer. When you work hard, and give your employer the work that he wants; your employer will be happy to work with you in future as well. So yes, once you get the project, don’t lose this opportunity to impress your client/employer.
Fiverr is different from freelancer and Upwork in a sense that you don’t have to apply on projects. Yes, there’s an option for that as well, but basically you sell your gigs here. You tell people what service will you be providing, at what cost and when will you deliver.
Employers see your gig and buy if they find your gig interesting and of value. It is all up to you how you set your profile up. How you describe your gig, what value do the buyer sees in your gig. Title of the gig, description and placing that in the right category is important. Again, start is hard, but once you start getting some reviews, you will be getting good amount of projects from there on.
Freelance Writing Websites
For writers, here’s a list of 92 websites which pays $50+ per article. You can check the list here. Working as a writer is yet another way to earn 10+ dollars per day without investment online
We have spoken much about freelancing websites, where you can earn 10 dollars without investment online. Let’s move on to earning via YouTube and Blogging.
Earn Through Your Videos
Every one of us watches YouTube, and spend good amount of time on it. You follow different people like artists, vloggers, makeup artist etc. You follow them because you either find their content interesting, or they are offering some value to you.
You can start your own channel on YouTube and can earn. It’s all free. All you need to have
is a good road-map of what will be the channel about; do you have the skills to make your content interesting for the viewers? It is not important to be an expert to start, you learn over time. You can see the youtubers which you like, see how they make their content engaging and interactive. You will need to learn video editing to be a youtuber, else you will have to pay for the video editing, which will be very costly.
Yes, there are free video editing tools available online. Here’s one with the name VSDC free video editing tool. If you don’t have the skills, you can develop that by learning how to edit videos via courses on Udemy or SkillShare. Search on YouTube, and you may find many tutorials as well. You may find some courses for free on Udemy, if you join groups on Facebook related to free coupons or courses on Udemy.
Youtubers get paid according to the audience and engagement they get on their channels and videos. The most important step to increase the engagement is consistency. To grow your audience, you must provide them with content regularly in order to make them stick around. Youtubers also get paid by companies as well. If you have a good following, companies in your niche will reach out to you and may ask you to collaborate on projects. So that is another way of getting paid. In addition to that, you can also collaborate with ad agencies and get paid for getting ads played during your videos.
However, to become a youtuber you must be sure of your niche and the kind of videos you would be creating and posting. You should be completely invested in creating the content and enjoy the process of making them otherwise you would not be able to produce interesting content. Also, be very sure you have the copyrights of video and audio in order to YouTube’s guidelines completely.
Just like YouTube, Dailymotion is also a video sharing website, which has over 300 million unique monthly users. You can earn money by monetizing the videos on Dailymotion as well. You will find different ways by which you can earn via Dailymotion here. Signup, post your videos, monetize and start earning! It’s that easy.
If you love writing, you can either go for freelance writing jobs or you can start blogging. Yes, if you start with your own domain name, hosting and a website/blog will cost you some amount, but that is worth it, if you really love writing. Free options are available as well, but that is not something that I will suggest.
Are you wondering how do you earn blogging? Through advertisements, affiliate marketing and sponsored posts, to be precise. To earn via blog, you will need to have good amount of traffic. How to generate traffic? That is one big topic on its own. That is what you will have to learn, there’s a lot of material over the internet. We’ll hopefully cover that as well for you guys. Comment down if you want us to cover that topic in detail. Give how to find the right keywords for your blog a look, that will help you get started on the right track.
First things first, not everyone can write or become a writer. Are you one of them? Not to worry! We got it covered for everyone. It is completely fine if you don’t have interest in writing. Following are some other ways which can be useful for you to make money online without investment.
Earn By Teaching Individuals
Are you good at teaching? You can use your talent at the ease of your home. Finding full-time teaching jobs is not always easy and not everyone can get a good paying teaching job at a school or college. If you are one of these people who could not pursue your passion of teaching as a full-time job due to whatever reasons, no need to lose hope. Teach online, make money without investment and live your dream like you used to.
All you need to have is the right information and guideline of platforms where the career of online teaching can be pursued. There are a lot of online sites where you can register yourself and select the course you are expert in to teach and conduct classes. Following are some of the websites we have gathered for you to have a look at.
Udemy has over 20 million students and around 50 languages to offer. Why not create a course of your own at the platform in your most convenient language and field? Once the course gets published on the website, students start purchasing it letting you make money with your teaching skill easily. The best part of online teaching at Udemy is the availability of around 30 thousand supportive instructors from whom you can take help for making your course even better.
SkillShare has a wide variety of niches to offer in which you can provide your services. Anyone completely follows the guidelines of the SkillShare classes can become a teacher at the platform and publish their course. The process is nothing hard or unreachable. You simply have to sign up, create your class and as soon as the students start taking your class, you will start making money. The classes consist of 30-40 minutes and video/audio lectures which have to be uploaded prior. You can also avail the handbook and support group option at SkillShare to improve your classes and attract more students.
Make Money by Completing the Surveys (Hot in Earn 10 dollars per Day without Investment Online)
Are you the type of person who wants to make some extra money but without extra hard work? If yes, then completing the surveys is exactly what’s going to help you. There are a lot of companies which offer to pay you for completing surveys for them. You can easily search for this type of job on the internet. However, the most reliable is ClixSense which serves as a single platform offering the survey completion jobs from a variety of different companies. Click here to find more about ClixSense. Following are some of the platforms which offer jobs like completing the survey, watching some specific short videos etc
Some Other Ways to Earn 10 dollars per Day without Investment Online
Another easy way to make money from home is going for micro jobs. These jobs are small tasks which different employers ask you to do and these are not time-consuming as well. Micro jobs are an easy way to make small money. This however cannot be turned into a full-time job and it’s suitable for students, housewives and other people who don’t have enough IT knowledge but want to make some extra money as well. There are a lot of micro jobs available at the internet; however, people going for it need to be very careful while signing up for as there is a lot of scam nowadays.
Micro jobs are mostly common in countries like Pakistan, India, Indonesia, Netherlands, Philippines, USA, UK, Canada, South Africa etc. The work in micro jobs does not take more than a few minutes and are simple and small tasks such as
Sign up for newsletters on websites
Like or share something on Facebook and Google Plus
Tweet or retweet something
Make posts on forum
Post comments on blogs
Create a Gmail or Yahoo account for someone
Rate an Android or IOS application
Classify products into categories
Find information on Google
Judge the sentiments of the tweet etc, among various other jobs
The reliable platforms for this kind of work are
Amazon Mechanical Turk
Managing Social Media Accounts
If you are someone who loves to be on social media, this is your kind of work. People use social media for connecting with friends or killing time however, you can also make money with social media. Businesses and startups usually when are not too flourished don’t have enough time to manage their social media accounts to market their products and due to not enough budget they can’t hire social media executives for that purpose either.
You can opt for managing social media accounts of celebrities or business. However, this is risky business as you will be the direct representative of the celebrity/business and even the minor mistake would have a long lasting effect. As fun as it sounds from a distance, it is not that easy in real. However, following are some of the platforms which offer social media manger jobs
In addition to these, there are several social media marketing SMM groups on Facebook where people from different countries post about SMM jobs and discussions regarding SMM are carried on. Those are as follow
Personal assistants are important but with increase in demand it is gradually becoming a luxury. People from the US, UK or other first world countries are unable to hire personal assistant because of extremely high wages. As a solution, they start going towards the idea of virtual assistants.
If you think you are someone who can handle personal business matters along with attitude, you can easily become a virtual assistant. Since the virtual assistants work from remote locations and are supposed to give only an hour daily, they can work with multiple numbers of clients at the same time at different rates as well. Virtual assistance jobs description is a different topic at its own which we will discuss in detail in the future for sure. However, following is some of the basic information regarding virtual assistance jobs.
The core duties of a virtual assistant are as follow
Sending and replying to emails/writing emails.
Making phone calls.
Social media management.
Creating or formatting spreadsheets.
Organizing computer documents.
Typing notes for meetings.
However, every client’s require might differ from each other. Not everyone would require the same task from you and hence, would offer the pay accordingly. The basic skills you need to possess for becoming a virtual assistant are as follow
The ability to multitask.
Good verbal communication skills.
Good grammar and spelling skills.
Proficiency with office programs, like Excel and Word.
Knowledge of platforms like Dropbox or Google Drive.
The pay scale of virtual assistants ranges from $5 to $60 per hour. It depends on the kind of employer and the work he is taking from you. Someone might as well pay you more for the same task than other. The pay scale is not fixed and it is variable. Following are some of the platforms offering virtual assistant jobs
These are some of the easy methods which you can try to earn 10 dollars per day without investment online. It is not always easy for everyone to start working part-time but they still need some extra money hence, these small online tasks are easy to conduct and needs no investment. Some people also have way too much extra time and they can easily start working on the platforms mentioned above to earn without having to leave their home for a full-time job. Do check out new post on how to make 200 dollars in one day! Comment and let us know if you found this article helpful, do share the ways by which you make money online without investment.
Ever wondered how does eating healthy affect your body? If given the chance to jot down a couple of things that scares the crap out of people in this age and era, it would be safe to say that clean eating would make it somewhere close to the top of the list. Moreover, it does not come as a surprise to the health experts and professionals seeing the monstrous rise of the consumption of fast food in the 21st Century, where everything but organic has becomes increasingly affordable.
Nutrition is defined as the process of nourishing or being nourished, especially the process by which a living organism assimilates food and uses it for the growth and for the replacement of tissues. The nutrients that are essentials are the one that the body cannot synthesize on its own and thus requires them in an adequate amount in their daily diet consumption. These essential nutrients divide into six categories that includes carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, mineral and water. For a healthier and a happier life, a balanced diet with all the six essential nutrients should constitute one’s daily food intake. Check importance of Vitamin D and importance of Vitamin C for skin.
A Balanced Diet
A balanced diet refers to the one that gives our body the required nutrients that it needs to function properly and correctly. This would mean inculcating a wide variety of foods in the right proportions, and consuming the right amount to achieve and maintain a healthy body weight. This very much answers how does eating healthy affect your body.
In order to obtain the essential nutrients from our diet, it is advisable to score the majority of our daily calories from fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, legumes, nuts and lean proteins. Moreover, what are calories you may ask? Well in simple terms, the number of calories in a food is a measurement of the amount of energy stored in the food. Your body burns calories in the simplest of activities such as walking, thinking, breathing, sleeping etc. On an average, a person needs to consume about 2000 calories in order to maintain his/her body weight. However so, a person’s specific daily calorie intake may vary depending on their age, gender and physical activity level. Nevertheless, on the basis on comparison, Men generally, burn and use up calories more than women do, and a person who exercises needs to consumes more calories than a person who does not exercise.
Benefits of Healthy Eating Habits: Answer to How Does Eating Healthy Affect Your Body
A healthy eating habit contributes to the betterment of one’s physical, emotional, and mental health. These habits are also responsible for drastically improving one’s overall well being. Not only does organic make you look and feel better, it can also save you the money on future health costs.
Following a healthy diet includes choosing and consuming plenty of lean meats, eggs, fruits and vegetables, whole grains and dairy products. Eating well also means excluding empty calories most often found in artificial beverages, processed snacks, saturated fats, added sugars and sodium. Sneaking a few more nutrients-packed foods into your diet has plenty of advantages such as:
Controls and regulates Body weight
Combats deadly diseases
However, adapting a healthier lifestyle and breaking out of bad habits is difficult, but in the end, it is all worth the effort. In addition, it takes small changes over time that yields bigger payoff. Start small, slow, and set achievable goals for each day that will end up translating into long-term results.
What actually goes in: The hard truth
With the emerging advancements in technology, knowledge about healthy Habits about social and networking media has been circulating and gaining momentum for the past couple of years. However, this does not eliminate the factor of the ever-rising consumption of fast food that sees no chances of lessening under the following circumstances. According to statistics:
These shocking statistics alone narrate to us the current situation and rate at which fast food is being consumed on a daily basis. The industry flourishes and there is no stopping unless affording organic food choices becomes an option.
Dealing with the deadly: A consequence
While ordering take-outs on special occasions and celebratory night’s at-least once a month seems all fine and dandy, developing a nasty habit of eating out regularly can be detrimental to one’s physical, emotional and mental health. Most fast foods, including artificial beverages and sidelines, are loaded to carbohydrates and added sugars with close to little or no fibers in them. When this food is broken down in the digestive tract, it releases glucose into the bloodstream. As a result, your blood sugar level increases and the insulin released causes the extra sugar to be converted into glycogen which is stored in various parts around the body, leading to obesity. Moreover, the increased frequency of spiked up blood sugar levels may cause body’s normal insulin response to fluctuate. This increases the risk of weight gain, insulin resistance, type 2-diabetes and is even responsible for triggering Acne.
Fast food also contains a high amount of trans fat and sodium which increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases in the consumer. High amount of sodium can cause Water Retention, which is why after having a large meal, you may feel puffy and bloated. Sodium also elevates blood pressure and puts stress on the heart and the cardiovascular system.
According to one study, children and adolescents who consume fast foods at least three times a week are more likely to develop eczema.
Added sugars and Carbs in processed foods can increases the acids in your mouth. These acids can cause the breakdown of tooth enamel, which makes the teeth susceptible to bacteria, and in turn, cavities.
Results in a recent survey also concluded that people who consume fast foods are 51% more likely to have depression than people who do not eat those foods or eat only on rare occasions. That very much sums up our topic how does eating healthy affect your body.
Among the many civilizations, we have created a list of 10 oldest civilizations. For hundreds of thousands of years, human beings were essentially nomads. They hunted their food, gathered what they could and moved from place to place. But, things changed around 10,000 and 7,000 BC. They evolved and changed their way of life. The concept of community was introduced and numerous other developments take place. Yet, the human beings of today are considerably different than the ones who came before. We have technology that has brought about massive changes in our lifestyle that didn’t exist even 20 years ago. So, how did the human beings of ancient times live? Let’s take a look at the 10 oldest civilizations in the world.
List of 10 Oldest Civilizations
Since the evolution of humans, the first civilization ever to appear on the face of Earth was the Mesopotamian civilization. This civilization dates so far back that there is no record of any other civilization existing before them. Mesopotamia is said to be the first place where civilized societies took root and their timeline is said to be around 300BC to 750BC. The concept of agriculture came to light in 8000BC and animals were domesticated to help in agriculture and for food. Art had existed before then, but not as part of a civilization. These systems were formalized and refined by Mesopotamians who prospered in the regions of Sumer, Babylonia and Assyria highlands, all of which that falls into modern Iraq today.
Indus Valley Civilization
The region of the Indus Valley comprises of land extending from northern Afghanistan to northwest India and Pakistan and this is where the Indus Valley Civilization formed. This was said to be one of the three civilizations in the Old World, apart from Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt and covered an area of about 1.25 square kilometers. The Indus River was one of the major ones in Asia and huge populations were settled around it. The remains of this civilization were found in Mohenjo-Daro and Harrappa and it is said to be at its peak phase from 2600BC to 1900BC. It was technologically advanced and sophisticated as they had urban centers. They had a rich arts and crafts culture and they made great achievements in measuring mass, length and time.
Ancient Egyptian Civilization
One of the culturally rich and oldest civilizations in the world is Ancient Egyptian, which was renowned for its pyramids, prodigious culture, the Pharaohs, the sphinx and a majestic civilization that had resided close to the River Nile. The first Pharaoh unified Upper and Lower Egypt in 3150BC and this led to the coalescing of the civilization. This civilization didn’t just give the long-standing pyramids, the first of the solar calendars, the mummies preserving the first ancient Pharaohs, Hieroglyphics and lots more.
From about 2600BC onwards, the Mayan Civilization flourished in Central America and they created a timeline of the calendar. The civilization prospered after its establishment and it became quite sophisticated at its peak with a population of about 19 million. The Mayans had come up with their own way of writing by 700BC and they used it to develop their social calendars, which were carved in stone. Their calendar count started from August 11, 3114BC as they believed that’s when the world started and it was supposed to end on December 21, 2012. The Mayans were culturally rich and they and the Aztecs built pyramids that were larger than those in Egypt. But, they declined suddenly and came to an abrupt end, which remains a mystery.
Also known has Hans China, Ancient China has one of the most diverse histories. The cradle of the Chinese civilization is said to be the Yellow river civilization and the legendary Yellow emperor began his rule in 2700BC. The first dynasty to rule the whole of China was Xia that came to power in 2070BC. A number of dynasties came after it and held control of China until 1912 AD when the Qing Dynasty came to an end with the Xinhai revolution. Nonetheless, the civilization introduced some of the most useful products and inventions such as paper, gunpowder, printing, alcohol, compass, cannon and plenty more.
Ancient Greek Civilization
While it may not have been the oldest, it is a fact that the Ancient Greek Civilization is one of the most influential. The rise of the ancient Greeks happened between 2700BC to 1500BC from the Cycladic and Minoan Civilization. The history of this civilization is spread over such a huge time period that historians divided it into various periods, the most popular of which are Hellenistic, Classical and Archaic. Lots of ancient Greeks also came into the limelight during these periods. The concept of a senate, democracy and even the ancient Olympics was created by the Greeks. The base for biology, modern geometry and physics was introduced by them.
The Persian Civilization
There was a time when the most powerful empire in the world was the ancient Persian civilization. Even though they remained in power only for 200 years, they conquered lands covering about 2 million square miles. The Persian Empire was known for its wise rulers and military strength. At its peak, ancient Persian ruled over a good part of Egypt, Europe and all over central Asia. However, it all changed when Alexander the Great, the legendary Macedonian soldier brought the whole of the Persian Empire down to its knees in 530BC and effectively ended the civilization.
The Roman Civilization
Around 6th century BC, the Roman Civilization came into the picture. At the height of their power, the Romans ruled a huge chunk of land. In fact, nearly all the present day counties near the Mediterranean Sea were all part of the Roman Empire. Kings governed early Rome, but after seven kings, the Romans took over and ruled themselves and their cities. Instead, they formed a council called the ‘senate’ for ruling them. Some of the greatest emperors were also seen in Rome and the names include Augustus, Trajan and Julius Caesar. Eventually, the empire expanded so much that it became impossible to govern it and millions of barbarians from the east and north of Europe overran it.
The Aztecs Civilization
In the 1200s and the early 1300s, the people of present day Mexico lived in three big and rival cities, Texcoco, Tenochtitlan and Tlacopan. An alliance was created by these rivals in 1325 and the new state fell under the rule of the Valley of Mexico. The name Mexica was preferred by the people rather than Aztecs and they rose within a century after the fall of the Mayan Civilization in Central America and Mexico.
The Incas Civilization
In the pre-Columbian era, the largest empire in North America was the Incas and it flourished in the areas that are known as Chile, Peru and Eucador in modern day. The military, administrative and political center of the civilization was located at Cusco, which is part of modern day Peru. The empire bloomed rapidly from the beginning and its societies were quite well-established. The Sun God Inti was devoutly followed by the Incas and their king was called ‘Sapa Inca’, which means child of the Sun. The Incas became great builders and built sites and fortresses such as the city of Cusco.
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It is believed that there was a time when the world was pure and the people were spiritual. The combination of the two allowed humans to do things that are now a part of fiction. A person could be healed by a touch. Sages could meditate and even lift their bodies off the ground. Some people also had the ability of controlling others. How could all this be done? It was through the power of the mind and it is said that there was a lot more that hadn’t been tapped yet. However, these days, such abilities are now only found in stories and comic books.
But, there have been incidents and cases where human beings have still demonstrated a number of these psychic abilities. Listed here are the 10 most interesting psychic abilities that humans can have:
Ability 1: Astral Projection
Can you imagine leaving your body and traveling through your home whenever you fall asleep? This would allow you to see and hear things, which are typically out of your physical range. This is astral projection and there are some people who have actually demonstrated this ability, but it usually happens accidentally. These are more common during stressful rest periods such as after surgery when a person is under the effects of anesthesia. Doctors have reported in some cases that patients were aware of conversations that were conducted entirely outside of the operating room. It is also believed that people are not born with this power, but can develop it through practice.
Ability 2: Enhanced Vision
We have all heard of people suffering from nearsightedness or farsightedness, but there are also cases where people have incredible vision. These are people who are not limited by any obstacle when it comes to sight, which includes skin. Enhanced vision is an ability that does exactly what you can understand from the name; it will provide a person with uncanny sight and enable them to see things that are not usually visible through normal vision. Natasha Demkina is a Russian woman who is said to have such an ability and can actually see inside a person’s body. She can even describe and locate bone scars, ulcers and even organs. Therefore, she is often regarded as the girl who has X-ray eyes.
This psychic ability has been heavily criticized because there have been lots of fake practitioners. Essentially, it refers to the process where another spirit is allowed to enter the psychic, who is called a medium. The spirit can then control their body, which includes the use of their hands, legs and even their vocal chords. A medium tends to lose consciousness when a spirit enters their body so they are unaware of what the spirit is saying or doing. George Anderson is one of the most famous mediums in the world and he has spent decades with dead loved ones to bring closure to their grieving families. He has received the title of being the most scientifically tested medium in the country and is the only one to be invited to Holland by Anne Frank’s Holocaust-surviving family.
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Ability 4: Clairvoyance
We have all heard of the idea of coming up with facts out of thin air, but this psychic ability actually gives it a new meaning altogether. Also known as the sixth-sense, clairvoyance is completely non-physical. In some cases, clairvoyance is voluntary, which means that people can gain information about an event, location or thing simply by thinking about it. There are also cases where it is involuntary, which means that people have sudden visions that provide them information about location, events or even people. In 1784, Victor Race, a dull-witted peasant was seen entering into a trance by medical professionals and he came out of it suddenly articulate. He knew information about places he had never visited before.
Ability 5: Psychokinetic Abilities
Also called telekinesis, psychokinesis is defined as the power of physically manipulating matter. A psychic can make use of this ability to reach out with their minds and be able to move objects without needing to touch them. One of the most renowned psychokinetics in the world is British healer and author, Matthew Manning. While the scientific community has often been skeptic about his ability, a lot of things he has demonstrated cannot be explained otherwise. Psychologist William Braud tested Manning in the 1970s and concluded that the results couldn’t be concluded as chance.
Ability 6: Psychic Surgery
Why go through invasive and expensive procedures when a psychic can just pull a tumor from your body? Psychic surgeons are renowned worldwide for their ability of reaching right into the human body and remove anything that shouldn’t be present. People with such psychic talents are mostly found in the Philippines and Brazil and they tend to have a very strong and powerful connection with the spiritual world. Therefore, they don’t have to enter the body in any way. A large number of people who believe in their ability have been amazingly affected and have seen improvements in their health.
Ability 7: Telepathy
This is simply the ultimate ability of passing secret notes in class as it only uses the mind for transferring an image, message or other information from one person to another. The term telepathy comprises of two Greek words; tele, which means distant, and pathos, which means experience or feeling.
Ability 8: Psychometry
If you are interested in learning your family history or you want to know who owned the antique table that you bought, how would you find the answer? In typical situations, you ask a grandparent or you do a search on Google. However, if you possess the ability of psychometry, you just need to touch the table. This psychic ability allows a person to learn another person or object’s history just by placing a hand on them. Stefan Ossowieki from Russia is known for this ability and he proved it by simply touching a sealed envelope and identified its contents and also revealed that it had been guarded for eight years.
Ability 9: Precognition
When you hear that someone is psychic, you automatically assume that they can provide you information about events that are yet to take place. But, this is only true for people who have the ability of precognition, which allows them to sense the future of an animal, person or even object through description or touch. Sometimes, they need a focus item like a classic crystal ball, a bowl of liquid or a jewel. Not only do precogs receive visions of the future, but they may also receive information about steps that should be taken to stop something from happening or ensuring it.
Ability 10: Hypnosis
Hypnosis is defined as a process in which a person with this psychic ability can make suggestions to the subconscious of another and control their mind. The user can directly command the mind of the hypnotized person and they can control their actions as well as what they say. This tool is considered as a very helpful tool for psychological treatments and for finding out truths. There has been considerable scientific data collected to show that hypnosis actually does work and is used widely in treatments.
We created this list of top 10 extinct animals to create awareness, as humans we are responsible for their extinctions. There are natural factors such as changes in sea levels as well as climatic heating and cooling that often lead to animal extinction. However, in modern times, some human activities have also caused extinction of some species. Hunting, over-fishing, the introduction of alien species and habitat destruction due to the expansion of farming land and cutting down of forest have all contributed to this process. Some of them were magnificently unique, but it is a sad reality that these astounding features no longer exist. Here is a list of the top 10 extinct animals who are no more to be found on this earth.
A List of Top 10 Extinct Animals
10) Sabre-Toothed Cat
The sabre-tooth cats were found about 55 million to 11,700 years ago. These carnivores are also known as Sabre-toothed lions or Sabre-toothed Tigers. They had elongated canine teeth, which resembled a blade and earned them their name. In some creatures, the teeth were nearly 50cm long. Their build was bear-like and they were said to be great hunters. The primary prey of these felines included mammoths and sloths. They had the ability of opening their jaws at an angle of 120 degrees, which is twice that of a modern lion. The Sabre-toothed cat became extinct due to several reasons. Firstly, the decline and extinction of the large herbivores they hunted was a factor and competition with humans and climate change did the rest.
9) Woolly Mammoth
Said to be closely related to modern elephants, the woolly mammoth was an enormous mammal that could weigh over 6 tons and was about 4 meters tall. About 3.5 million years ago, the ancestors of the woolly mammoth migrated out of Africa and spread across North America and northern Eurasia. Their entire body was covered in fur and had curved tusks that could be nearly 5 meters long. Nearly 10,000 years ago, the Woolly Mammoth disappeared due to the disappearance of its habitat caused by climate change and they were also hunted by humans. It is believed that the last of the Woolly Mammoth population vanished in 1700BC from Wrangel Island in the Arctic Ocean.
Weighing about 10 to 18 kg, the Dodo inhabited Mauritius and was about one meter tall. However, the exact appearance of this extinct and flightless bird remains unresolved because the only account that can be found are the written accounts and varied illustrations from the 17th century. It is presumed that factors such as the absence of predators and availability of abundant food sources in the form of roots, seeds and fallen fruits caused the Dodo bird to become flightless. A mention of the Dodo was first recorded by Dutch sailors in 1598. Sailors and the domesticated animals they kept hunted the bird into extinction. The last sighting of the Dodo was witnessed in 1662.
7) Great Auk
Found in the North Atlantic and as south as Northern Spain, the Great Auk was a flightless and large bird that weighed nearly 5kg and had an average height of 75cm to 85cm. The bird was an extremely powerful swimmer, which allowed it to hunt underwater as well. By 1835, the last colony of the Great Auks, which had been residing on the island of Eldey, were killed. Three men killed the last of these birds who caught it in 1844 on St Kilda, Scotland. The men killed the Auk because they thought it was a witch that had caused a large storm to surge suddenly.
6) Stellers Sea Cow
Discovered in 1741 by naturalist George Stellar, the creature was named after him. Stellers Sea Cow was an herbivorous and large mammal that weighed around 8 to 10 tons and was about 8 to 9 meters long. It is believed that the mammal inhabited the Commander Islands in the Bering Sea and the Near Islands southwest of Alaska. The mammal spent most of its time eating kelp and was tame in nature. Human hunters targeted it because the Stellers Sea Cow was unable to submerge its enormous body in the water thereby remaining vulnerable. It was hunted to extinction 27 years after the Europeans discovered it.
5) Tasmanian Tiger
A large carnivorous marsupial, the Tasmanian tiger was native to Tasmania, Australia and New Guinea. The creature was not related to tigers at all and in fact resembled a medium to large sized dog. It was about 2 meters long measured from nose to tail and weighed nearly 30kg, but it resembled a tiger due to dark stripes on its body. It is believed that the tiger became extinct as it was widely hunted and bounties also encouraged the activity. But, some contribution was also made by disease, the introduction of dogs and encroachment of its habitat by humans. Between 1910 and 1920, the last wild Tasmanian tiger was killed and in 1936, the last captive creature died in Hobart Zoo in Tasmania.
4) Passenger Pigeon
Since the early 20th century, the Passenger Pigeon has been extinct. A native of North America, it is also called the Wild Pigeon and estimates indicate that about 3 to 5 billion of these creatures existed in the US when the Europeans came. But, the Passenger Pigeon lost its habitat due to their arrival as it led to mass deforestation and this reduced the bird population considerably. They were also hunted on a huge scale in the 19th century as pigeon meat had been commercialized as inexpensive food for the poor. Around 1900, the Passenger Pigeon died out with the last one dying in 1914 in captivity.
3) Pyrenean Ibex
This is one of the four species of the Iberian Goat or Spanish Ibex found in the Iberian Peninsula and it fed mostly on herbs and grass. The Ibex weighed about 24 to 80 kg and had a height of 60 to 75 cm at the shoulder. Historically, they were thought to be 50,000 in number, but their numbers had reached 100 by the early 1900s. The exact cause that led to the extinction of the Pyrenean Ibex is unknown, but scientists believe that their inability to compete for food with other mammals and poaching were important factors. The last one was killed in 2000 in Spain by a falling tree.
2) Baiji White Dolphin
Also known as the Chinese River Dolphin, the Baiji White Dolphin could only be found in China’s Yangtze River. They weighed about one quarter of a ton and could grow as long as eight feet. They had tiny eyes and very poor eyesight so they relied on echolocation for hunting purposes. For 20 million years, they lived in the Yangtze, but from 1950 onwards, their numbers declined. The industrialization of China led to fishing in the river and it was also used for generating hydroelectricity and transportation, thereby affecting the mammal. While they are not considered extinct officially, they haven’t been seen since 2002.
1) West African Black Rhinoceros
In the southwest region of Africa, the West African Black Rhinoceros was found in several countries. Measuring 1.4 to 1.7 meters in height and about 3 to 3.8 meters long, this rhino weight between 800 to 1300kg. The rhino had two horns and mostly relied on leafy shoots and plants for their food. The last of these animals was seen in 2006 in Cameroon and was officially declared extinct in 2011.